Abu Shouk offers an analytical review of the military strategy of Muhammed Ahmed al-Mahdi in the 1881 - 1885 against Ottoman-Egyptian rule in Sudan (1821 - 1885). The period begins with the declaration of the "Mahdiyya" from Aba Island on the White Nile in 1881, and ends with the liberation of Khartoum and the killing of British General Gordon in 1885. The study's historical narrative and discussion is based on the analytical method and further integrates methodologies from other social sciences. Its material derives from the historical documents available from both the political supporters and opponents of the "Mahdiyya" at the time, touching on the political, social, and economic reality that formed the events of the Mahdi Rebellion, as well as documentary material that reflects different aspects of its history of struggle. In its theoretical dimension, the discussion of the military strategy of the Mahdi focuses on the suggestions made by the Chinese military strategist Sun Tzu in The Art of War, which is a key work for modern military strategy. It also considers the concept of the charismatic personality in the work of the German sociologist Max Weber, which helps analyse the personality of Mohammed Ahmed al-Mahdi as a leader and its relationship with the military strategy he implemented on the ground.