This article deals with the history of the as - Salami - al-Masallati family in the major cities of the Mashreq during the Mamluk era. The aim is to prove the Maghrebian origins of the family, contrary to what has been previously suggested. In the first part, the article looks at the methodological gap which led the absence of this family in the previous studies that dealt with the migration of Maghrebian scholars to the Mashreq. The second part, through the interweaving of various sources, paper aims to determine the original dwelling of the family and to prove that their descent is linked to the castle / fort of Salama site which is at Gabal Masallata in the eastern suburbs of Tripoli (western Libya). Finally, this article highlights the prestigious scientific and social status reached by the members of this family in the cities of the Mamluk Mashreq (Cairo-Jerusalem and especially Damascus) and trying to identify the strategies adopted by the family to achieve and preserve this social status within the family orbit through successive generations.